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Civil Law

CIVIL CODE of Persia (CIVIL CODE of Islamic Republic of Iran), a series of regulations controlling all civic and social relations between individuals in the various circumstances of their lives. The basic text is the law of 1928, according to which the Civil Code is divided into three parts: Title I on property, Title II on personal status of individuals, and Title III on the law of evidence. It is preceded by an introduction dealing with the promulgation of law and such general principles as the non radioactive nature of law, freedom and sovereignty of will, and the status of foreign subjects residing in Persia. The code itself has been amended many times, for example, the law of civil liability, the law of property and rent, and family law, which, if included in the original text, would more than double its original length.
Although the Constitutional law of Persia was adopted in 1906 and its Supplement a year later (see constitutional movement), the civil code was not promulgated for almost thirty years. The first volume was signed into law on 8 May 1928 and the next two between 26 January 1935 and 30 October 1935.